A will, distinct from a living will, is a document that designates key roles for a person’s estate:

  1. Executor: responsible for managing the estate.
  2. Beneficiaries: individuals who will receive the estate’s assets. While the person is alive, the executor holds no legal authority. The will becomes effective only upon the person’s death. A will cannot convey healthcare preferences, but it provides assurance that the person’s wishes will be honored after passing. Individuals with dementia should create and sign a will promptly, while still capable of decision-making. It is important to verify the legal requirements in their specific state, as the validity of a will may vary.